須佐之男の国【Susanoo’s Country】

As to the actual country that the great Susanoo came from, we have only a few legends to go by. One is that he came from China around 1,000 B.C. He had been sent, with 3,000 technicians, by the Chin Emperor of China, to search for a Fountain of Youth in a land to the east. The “land to the east,” was Japan!


Since boats were not so efficient in those days, and that Susanoo had many of them, it stands to reason that they were spread all along the north coast of Honshu, and Kyushu. These people soon had control of the peaceful, farming tribes they encountered, by reason of their knowledge of farming, medicine, and other technology. Due to this knowledge, they became each tribe’s religious leader, or Shaman, and ruler. This was the start of what later on became the great Izumo no Kuni!

当時の船はあまり効率的でなかったため、たくさんの船が必要とされました。故に、彼らが本州や九州の北沿岸に漂着したのは当然の帰結であったといえます。間もなく彼らは、農耕や医学およびそのほかの技術に関する知識を基に、流れ着いた先々で遭遇した穏やかな気質を有する農耕部族に対して宗教的指導者、シャーマン、および支配者といった指導的役割を果たすようになります。 そしてこれこそが、後に強大な勢力を持つに至る出雲の国の原型だったのです。

Since Susanoo was the leader of the group, he also became the leader of the country that was formed, and did his best to hold it together, and build it. I do not believe he came from Korea, because in another book, it said that he and his son (Omizunu?) visited Korea, and that Susanoo didn’t like it there, so they came back. Obviously, he was not from that country.

集団を率いた須佐之男はまた、国の指導者としてそれを築きまとめることに力を注ぎました。 須佐之男が朝鮮半島から渡ってきたという説に私は組しません。もう1冊の本に、彼が息子(オミズヌ?)と共にかの地に出向いたものの、気にいらず戻ってきたという話が出ていたのです。このことから須佐之男が朝鮮半島から来たのでないことは明らかです。

As time went on, the country which he controlled spread along the north coast of Honshu, and southward. Eventually, it covered a great part of Honshu, and part of Kyushu. This is easy to understand, since Susanoo was the original leader of the Chinese expedition, and the other leaders he met, were usually his own men, who had gained power, just as he had. If we think about that, Izumo no Kuni was the origin of that country as well.


When Susanoo got older, and retired to his final kingdom, “The Land of Shadows,” other lesser kings, broke the Izumo no Kuni up into a lot of smaller countries. One of these countries may have been the legendary, Yamataikoku, which brought many small, fighting, kingdoms together in peace. This was done by a female Shaman named Himiko (Himeko), or Pimuko, as the Chinese called her.


She was well recorded in the Wei Chronicles of the 3rd century, and was called a Shaman then. She was supposed to have ruled from 170 to 247, when she died. After that, a king took over, which started the civil wars all over again. Then a new Shaman was selected. Her name was Iyo (Ichiyo), and she was about 12 years old. She is also well recorded by the Chinese. In the year 266, all records concerning Japan stopped. For over 150 years, there was nothing written of Yamataikoku. When the Chinese again came to Japan, it had disappeared. Where did it go? We can speculate from the records we have, and try to use a little common sense to determine what happened to them.


The Chinese had said it was a peaceful, well-managed community of people, who were happy with their lot in life. The records also say that Himiko was always asking for help against the enemy who were attacking her from the south. Who were these enemies? They were called the Kumaso, and/or Kunu. Some records say that the Kumaso were of the Japanese Empire, but this is much too early for that to be true.


They are mentioned as rebellious people in the Kojiki and Nihongi, and were conquered by trickery. The facts behind this story are tenuous, to say the least, since there were no written records then. I strongly believe that they were different groups from Maylasia, and perhaps the Philipines. The people of Kyushu still have an independent, and individualistic attitude. I like them very much! They have free and open hearts.


The fact still exists that Yamataikoku had enemies, who were far better at warfare, than it was. I feel that a country like that, with a stable social structure, would not be conquered by any small group of attackers. Therefore, since these attackers were really troubling them, Iyo decided to move! This is my idea.


This move called for the whole country to emigrate to a safer place. Since the south was untenable for them, they went to the east, and perhaps to the north. The north was not friendly either, since the kings there, didn’t want to be invaded by anyone, even peaceful people. Therefore, they went to the east.


The journey must have taken several months, with constant fighting taking place, as they went along. The only place that they found with peaceful people was in the Nara area. It was an area very suitable for farming and so, they joined the friendly farming people, who lived there, and made a great country, which later came to be “Yamato!” The people who lived there before Yamatai’s people came, may well have been part of the people of Susanoo’s country! All during these hundreds of years of development, people had intermarried with the others they met, and admired, considering it a good thing to be part of a proud and strong people. This idea continues even to today. Now, what can we say about Japan?


The first sophisticated people were of, what was to become, Izumo no Kuni. They had the first empire, which broke up under poor leadership. This first empire must have been the origin of Yamataikoku, and therefore, “Yamato.” With this in mind, we have to say that Izumo no Kuni was the birthplace of Japan! The oldest books give Izumo the most important historical sites. How can we think otherwise?


After this time, however, things get really confused, and we have to look at many history books from other countries. We also have to look at the folk stories to see where they came from. We did this earlier for the origins of the first people in Japan. Now we must do it for the origins of the present rulers of the country. This will take a lot of time, and we will discuss it later.


Some people say Yamataikoku originated in Kyushu. This is the Kyushu Theory. Some people say it originated in Nara. This is the Kinai Theory. Both are wrong if it originated in the Izumo no Kuni. However, both may be right, if it originated on Kyushu, and then moved to Nara, as I suggested. I think it is not likely to have originated in Nara. Nara is too far out of the way, unless Izumo no Kuni had extended that far with its empire. It could have happened just that way.


Izumo no Kuni was great! Some people say that there was no Yamataikoku. This is not the case, since the Chinese recorded it so completely. What we are trying to do is find out what really happened, through what is in the old legends and myths. I enjoy this work immensely. It gives me a good chance to study the country that I like most to do research on. As far as history goes, before the 4th century, Japan had a clean slate. What do you think happened?

出雲の国は偉大だったのです。 邪馬台国の存在自体を否定する人がいますが、中国の書物においてきわめて克明な描写がなされていることから見てあり得ないことです。われわれの目的は、伝説や神話を手がかりに、実際に何が起きたのかを知ることにあるのです。私はこの作業をとても楽しんでいます。私が最も知りたい国について学ぶすばらしい機会を与えてくれるからです。4世紀以前の日本については何もわかっていません。皆さんはこの時期どんなことが起きたと思われますか。

Later, other people came to Kyushu from Korea. They tried to conquer all the country, and even went as far as Nara, where they finally succeeded, after many failures. I feel that they actually merged with the people of that area, forming what became the Japan of today, and the “Yamato” of that time. From that point, they went back to Kyushu, after many years, and conquered the people who had inhabited it after they had left. These facts are recorded from legends of the 3rd century.

後になると、朝鮮半島から九州へ渡ってきた者たちが、日本全土の征服を企て奈良にまで手を伸ばします。この者どもの企みは、幾多の失敗の後成功を収めます。私の推測では、こうした連中は奈良に住んでいた人々と交わり大和、ひいては今日の日本を形成していったのではないでしょうか。 このことから察するに、この者どもは九州に戻り自分たちが去った後九州に住みついた部族を制圧した模様です。この出来事に関する記述が、3世紀に記された伝説にも見られます。

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